Wednesday, December 19, 2007
Sindhi is one of the major languages of Pakistan, spoken in the province of Sindh by approximately twenty million people. It is one of the oldest languages of the sub-continent, with a rich culture, vast folklore and extensive literature.Linguistic Boundaries:Sindhi has extended its isoglosses beyond the geographical boundaries of the province of Sindh. In Northern Sindh it flows over the north-west into Balochistan province, to the North and North-west into the Punjab and the former Bhawalpur State; on the West it is bounded by the mountain range separating Sindh from Balochistan. This boundary has not been crossed by Sindhi, except in the Southern part of the hilly area of Kohistan. Here in general, the language spoken is Balochi but Sindhi is also found being spoken by a good number of population in the former lasbella State, now a part of Balochistan Province. It is spoken as mother tongue. It has spread its influence still further a field towards the Persian Gulf in the Markran area of Balochitan and is spoken as a first language along with Balochi (Markrani) by a large number of people in jadgal, guwadar, ormara and pasni, and has crossed the Gulf and is spoken in Muskat, Abuzahbi and generally in the coastal region.In the east and south-east, Sindhi has crossed the Rann of Katch and is spoken by a large number of people in Katch, Gujarat and the peninsula of Kathiawar and sorahtar in India. In the east, it has influenced the speech of the neighboring part of former Marwar and Jaisalmir states of Rajputana in India. After the partition of India, numerous Sindhi Hindus migrated from Sindh and settled in Central, Western and Northern part of India. Sindhi is not only spoken in the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent but it is also spoken by approximately 4,00,000 peoples, as their first languages, in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Congo, South Africa, Madagascar, East Africa & in U.K. U.S.A., and Canada by those who have migrated to U.K., U.S.A., and Canada from Uganda and other countries of the world. It is also spoken in Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Srilanka, and in some other countries in Far-East and South-East-Asia by some traders who have settled there in the first quarter of the nineteenth century or even earlier than that by their fathers & fore fathers.